Typography education standards vary widely between schools and countries (programs in Europe tend to be more rigorous than those in North America, for example), so there isn’t a single book that would satisfy every introductory course, but here are five English-language books that do a good job with the fundamentals:
Hochuli, Jost., 1987–2015.
František Štorm’sis by far the best direct revival because it has individually designed subfamilies for both small sizes (sturdy, open counters, large x-height) and large sizes (elegant, sharp details, tightly spaced). All other Baskervilles have just one size master somewhere in between, which makes them much too feeble for most tex... (more)
Commercial fonts commonly have a cost because they are tools of a profession in which they add significant value to the final work. But professional tools, just like a hammer or reference book, can be part of the learning process when a student legitimately “borrows” them rather than buying them.
I caution against seeking only freebies on Google Fonts or D...(more)